Nearly 17 million people in America have acne and suffer from acne scars. Acne is one of the most common skin conditions and it comes in all shapes and forms. Sometimes it can be incredibly difficult to manage. As soon as you get a breakout, it’s easy to pick and poke at it. You try different skincare regimens, home remedies like apple cider vinegar or tea tree oil, and nothing seems to work. Understanding how you get acne scars, as well as ways to remove them, can help you get back to having beautiful clear skin.
What is Acne?
Acne is simply the buildup of oil and dead skin cells in the hair follicles. When these things build up, your face breaks out in pimples. Here are the varying types:
- Blackheads: Pimples on the surface that are black.
- Whiteheads: Pimples under the skin.
- Nodules: Large painful pimples found deep in the skin
- Pustules: Pimples that are red at the base and have pus on the surface.
- Papules: Small pink bumps
- Cysts: Deep pus-filled pimples
What Really Causes Acne Scars?
A buildup of oil and dead skin in the hair follicle leaves the pore to swell, causing the hair follicle to tears. The deeper the tear, the worse the scar. The skin repairs itself with new collagen fibers, but unfortunately, the scar remains.
Types of Acne Scars
- Hypertrophic scar– Keloid type scarring that results in a raised mass on the skin surface
- Atrophic scar – Depressed scars resulting from a loss of tissue
Blackheads and whiteheads are two types of pimples that do not; cysts, pustules, and papules will. What you may think is an acne scar may not be a scar at all. Sometimes you have what is known as PIH or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, a discoloration that will eventually go away.
There is no one right way to treat your acne scars. Adjustments in your diet or skincare routine may help. In cases where you are suffering from atrophic or depressed scars, Bellafill may be the best treatment for you. Bellafill is a dermal filler that fills out the face and brings those depressed scars to surface level. Scar butter or scar ointment may help with existing scars and get rid of the discoloration for less severe cases. It is good practice to exfoliate and clear your face of dead skin cells once or twice a week. Soon, you’ll be on your way to the healthy looking skin you deserve!
Dr. John Burns is a Dallas Plastic Surgeon and Board Certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery. Dr. Burns is a member of the prestigious Dallas Plastic Surgery Institute. To schedule a consultation with Dr. Burns, click on his profile or call his office at 214-515-0002. Dr. John Burns has been named Top10MD for four years. Top10MD is an honor only 1-in-3 doctors succeed with this recognition in the United States.