The Most Common Cancer Among Men
Prostate Cancer is the most common cancer among men. More than 200,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer yearly. And an estimated 80% of men who reach age 80 are diagnosed with prostate cancer. This does not have to be you. What you need to know is more men die with prostate cancer but not because of prostate cancer.
Many men with prostate cancer do not experience symptoms. The first sign of prostate cancer is usually found during a routine screening exam such as having your PSA checked. A high PSA level may be a cause for alarm and further action.
- Frequent urge or inability to urinate
- Frequent waking during the night to urinate
- Trouble starting or holding back urine flow
- Pain or stiffness in your lower back, hips, or upper thighs
- Painful ejaculation or trouble having an erection
You may experience one or all of these symptoms. If so, it’s time for a screening. Just because you have these symptoms does not mean you have prostate cancer. These symptoms are found with a noncancerous condition called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), an enlargement of the prostate gland. Take a round or two of antibiotics and you will be as good as new.
What is a Prostate?
The prostate is a walnut-size gland that makes and stores semen. It’s located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The prostate surrounds the urethra, which is the tube that empties urine from the bladder. This gland regulates bladder control and sexual function.
Prostate Cancer will develop in men as they age. And nearly all-prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas, cancers that begin in the glandular cells. 90% of prostate cancers are confined to the gland itself.
- Age – Prostate cancer occurs in men older than age 50 and more than 60% of tumors are found in men 65 or older.
- Family History – Prostate cancer is genetic in nature. If you have a family history of prostate cancer it would be prudent to begin your prostate screening earlier than normal.
- Hormones – Men who suffer from high levels of testosterone may cause or speed the development of prostate cancer.
- Race – Statistics show that African American men are at higher risk for prostate cancer than Caucasian men. The incidence is lower in Asia and Africa than in Europe and the United States.
- Cancer stays in local area for many years
- Cancer can “invade” neighboring tissue
- Cancer can spread to lymph node system
- Cancer can metastasize (travel to distant tissue through the blood)
Tests To Identify What Stage You Are In
- Digital Rectal Exam
- Transrectal Ultrasound
- Blood Test (specific to prostate)
- CT Scan of abdomen & pelvis
Prostate Cancer Treatment Options *Depending on The Stage of Cancer
Radiation therapy for prostate cancer uses high levels of radiation to kill cancerous cells and minimize damage to healthy cells.
Immunotherapy uses the body’s own immune system to help fight cancer. A variety of immune-based strategies can be used to help eliminate a tumor from prostate cancer, as well as to help tumors from recurring.
Hormone Therapy can be used alone, or in conjunction with surgery or radiation therapy to treat prostate cancer through adding, blocking, or removing hormones to fight the prostate cancer. By lowering the levels of testosterone in males, there is a reduced risk of cells growing out of control.
Chemotherapy is a treatment usually reserved for more advanced stages of prostate cancer, where drugs are used to target a specific area and kill cancerous cells.
da Vinci Robotic Surgery is a newer revolutionary treatment that can be used to treat prostate cancer. This is a much less traumatic option than removing the entire cancerous prostate. Instead, tiny fine instruments along with 3D visualization are able to make the surgery as minimally invasive as possible and can work better than the surgeon’s own hands.
FIND A Top10MD UROLOGIST NEAR YOU
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There are hundreds of Urologists to choose from; however, not all doctors are created equal. Urology takes the skill and finesse of an experienced Surgeon. That’s why we’ve selected your city’s best Urologists – to make the decision process easier for you and your family.
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