Pelvic pain seems self-explanatory, but in reality, it is a broad condition that appears differently for men and women. It is defined by having pain in your pelvic area, and acute pain is more common that chronic pain. If pain lasts for more than six months, it is deemed as chronic pelvic pain. Pelvic pain usually stems from problems with your reproductive, urinary and digestive systems. Pelvic pain can also stem from conditions that affect your psycho neuromuscular functioning. Urologic chronic pelvic pain syndrome is a term used in the research of the different pain syndromes associated with both the male and female pelvis. These syndromes are all connected by symptoms of chronic pain in your pelvis, pelvic floor, and external genitalia, sometimes accompanied by lower urinary tract symptoms.
There are different types of diseases and conditions that can be linked to pelvic pain. Chronic pelvic pain usually results from more than one condition. Pelvic pain can come from the digestive, reproductive, or urinary systems in your body. Some pelvic pain comes from damaged or compromised muscles and connective tissues in the structure of your pelvic floor. Sometimes, pelvic pain can even be caused by the nerves in your pelvis becoming irritated. If you are female, your pelvic pain could be attributed to something going wrong with your reproductive system. Men can have problems with their reproductive systems as well, but it is rarer since their reproductive organs are more external than women.
When your endometrial tissue exists inside of and grows into the wall of your uterus, causing intense pain, contractions, cramps, pressure on your bladder, a heavy feeling in your legs, and heavy bleeding. Its causes are unknown and can be treated with anti-inflammatory medications, endometrial ablation, or a hysterectomy. A complication of pregnancy where the embryo attaches outside of your uterus. You will experience pain and bleeding. It is caused by tubal pregnancy, chronic pelvic inflammatory disease, scar tissue in your fallopian tubes, intrauterine adhesions, tubal ligations, and some types of tuberculosis. Depending on the stage and severity of your ectopic pregnancy, your treatment may be medical or surgical. Tissue that normally grows inside of your uterus will now grow outside of it. It has no clear cause other than risk factors that stem your family’s history with the disease. There is tentative evidence that suggests using combined oral contraceptives can reduce your risk of developing endometriosis. Treatment can range from medications to hormonal treatments to surgery.
Also known as dysmenorrhea or pain during menstruation, menstrual cramps are caused by the spasmodic muscle contractions that allow your uterine lining to slough off. Smoking and not exercising very much can make them worse, and they can often be cured with painkillers, exercise, meditation, and heating pads. The spontaneous loss of your pregnancy. It occurs when the embryo or fetus inside of you dies a natural death before it can survive independently. Symptoms are vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain. It can causes anxiety, guilt, and sadness after it is over. No treatment is necessary other that the natural passing of the tissues. Surgical treatment can speed this process along and complete the removal of this pregnancy tissue. Usually, vacuum aspiration is used. You may experience significant psychological stress and feelings of isolation. It is important to protect yourself by working through your trauma with a therapist.
Acute Prostatitis is often a cause for men. This infection is a medical emergency and happens when you have a serious bacterial infection in your prostate gland. You will experience chills, fever, pain in your lower back and genitals, urinary frequency, painful urination, and body aches. It is sometimes a complication of prostate biopsy. Also, chronic bacterial prostatitis, a very rare disease that causes no symptoms. Because it is a mild bacterial infection of your prostate gland, it can be treated with anti biotic therapy. It causes recurrent urinary tract infections that originate from a chronic infection in your prostate. You may not have symptoms until you develop a bladder infection.
Both Men & Women
Conditions that may cause pelvic pain that affect males and females are as follows:
- Colon Cancer
- Chronic Constipation
- Crohn’s Disease
- Inguinal Hernia
- Loin Pain Hematuria Syndrome
- Meralgia Paresthetica
Your doctor will perform a series of diagnostics to diagnose the source of your pain. Depending on the underlying condition responsible for your pain, your treatment could range from medication only to medication and surgery to just getting more exercise. When dealing with chronic pelvic pain, combining different types of therapy is usually the most successful.
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