Skin | Nail Disorders
Skin and nail disorders associated with feet, affect thousands of Americans yearly. Whether it’s exposure to infection, trauma, skin diseases or simply bearing weight on the feet, changes in the skin and nails can occur.
Common Skin and Nail Disorders
- Athletes Foot
- Toenail Fungus
- Foot Ulcers
Athletes foot is very common and most people will get this skin disorder at least once in their lifetime.
Signs of Athletes Foot
- Most commonly distinguished as itchiness in the feet.
- Peeling skin
- Whitish change in color on the toes
- Peeling, scaling
- Blistering and cracking
Fungus is found in a warm, moisturized environment. Although public showers and locker rooms are an easy place to come in contact with it, it can also be caused by not washing and drying feet thoroughly, as well as wearing shoes without socks. To prevent the fungus from reoccurring, it is best to see a doctor, who will most likely prescribe an oral or topical anti-fungal medication.
Common Toenail & Foot Conditions
Onychomycosis – Toenail Condition
50% of nail disorders are onychomycosis, which is most prevalent on the toenail than on the fingernail. This condition is associated with the nail becoming yellow, thickened, painful and hard to cut, and any exposure to heat, moisture, warmth, or trauma causes the nail fungus to be further exposed. If you notice any discoloration of the nail, you should see your doctor immediately.
Verucca – Warts on the Foot
Warts are benign tumors, which grow due to viruses invading the skin through tiny cuts and abrasions invisible to the naked eye. This virus can grow and spread rapidly, as there are over 60 strains of HPV virus. A plantar wart is a wart that grows on the sole of the foot and changes over time. This type of virus can live in a warm moisture-filled environment, such as a public shower. It is important to seek medical advice first before trying to treat a wart on your own. They may be treated by topical medication, laser surgery, surgery, or chemical removal.
Foot ulcers are open wounds on the foot that are recurring and have difficulty healing. Other common signs and symptoms include swollen legs, itching, rashes, and redness, brown, or scaly skin.
Neurotrophic Ulcers – Diabetics
These ulcers are common among diabetics and are found on the bottom of the feet at various pressure points. They are pinkish/ red of blackish/brown in color and the border protrudes outward, while the surrounding skin is calloused. Symptoms include pain, burning, tingling, and numbness. This is a common reason why diabetics should check their feet daily.
Arterial Ischemic Ulcers
These ulcers are often found between the toes, around the heels, and on the tips of toes. They are brown, yellow, grey or black in color and appear as if they have been punched out. These ulcers are especially painful at night and patients may dangle their foot over the bed to get relief. They commonly also have poor circulation.
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