Plantar fasciitis is pain and inflammation in a band of tissue – plantar fascia along the bottom of the foot that connects the heel to the toes.
This issue is common in runners as well as people who are overweight, or those who have poor support in their shoes.
Symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis
- Stabbing pain in the heel and bottom of the foot
- Symptoms are very bad in the morning after taking your first steps
- Pain can also come on from standing up for long periods of time
Causes of Plantar Fasciitis
This condition usually arises when the plantar fascia, which is supposed to act as a shock absorbing support in your arch, gets too much tension and tears form in the band of tissue. When this tissue is stretched and torn repetitively, it becomes inflamed and irritated.
There are many factors that increase the risk of developing plantar fasciitis.
- Being over the age of 60
- Exercises that place a lot of strain on your heels: long-distance running, dance aerobics, and ballet
- Foot issues: flat feet, have high arches, walking irregularly
- Being obese: extra weight can put excess stress on feet
- Jobs where you are standing on your feet for extra amounts of time
Ignoring plantar fasciitis or chronic heel pain is not the answer. To avoid or minimize plantar fasciitis pain, someone will change the way they walk, and this can cause additional problems in your feet, knees, back, and hips.
Tests | Diagnosis
To help diagnose your condition, your doctor will check for points of tenderness on your foot, arch, and ankle. In some cases, an x-ray may be done to make sure your symptoms are not a stress fracture or a pinched nerve.
Drugs | Treatments
- Over the counter pain medication – Advil, Motrin IB, Ibuprofen, Aleve
- Physical therapy – There are stretches that can be done to stretch and strengthen the Achilles tendon and the plantar fascia. This will help strengthen and stabilize your ankle.
- Night Splints – This splint stretches your arch and calf while you are sleeping, as it holds them in a lengthened position.
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