In the early stages of cataracts, you may experience little or no symptoms at all. As your cataracts develop symptoms become more prevalent and worsen over time. Cataracts can impair your vision in different ways.
- A decrease in overall vision clarity. Blurry or hazy vision
- Colors become less vivid
- It becomes more difficult to see at night
- Increased sensitivity to light, more prevalent when driving
- You start to see halos around lights
- Double vision
- Decreased color contrast
- Trouble reading in low light
Many people describe symptoms as looking through a cloudy glass.
What is a cataract?
In a healthy eye the lens, which is located directly behind your iris and pupil, is clear. If you have cataracts, your eye’s lens becomes cloudy. The lens helps to focus light and images on the retina, which sends the image through the optic nerve to the brain.
If your eye’s lens is clouded by a cataract it can’t focus on images properly which is what caused vision problems.
There are different types of cataracts, each affecting different parts of the lens. A subcapsular cataract affects the back of the lens, a nuclear cataract affects the center of the lens and a cortical cataract affect the periphery of the lens.
According to the National Eye Institute, the most common cause of cataracts is aging. However, they can also be caused by other factors like:
- Nutritional deficiencies
- High alcohol consumption
- Unprotected exposure to UV radiation
- Steroid medication
- Eye injury
- Birth defect (rare)
If you suspect you have cataracts, don’t wait until your vision worsens. You should visit with an experienced Ophthalmologist for diagnosis and treatment.
There is no treatment to prevent or slow the development of cataracts. However, in early cataracts, your vision can be improved with glasses, special sunglasses or magnifying lenses.
However, if your cataracts worsen, surgery may is the only treatment to help restore your vision. Cataract surgery works by surgically removing the clouded lens and replacing it with an artificial lens.
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Sight is one of our most precious gifts. And when it comes to your vision, only the most skilled Ophthalmologists will do. That’s why we’ve selected your city’s best Ophthalmologists – to make the decision process easier for you and your family.
There are hundreds of Ophthalmologists to choose from; however, not all doctors are created equal. Advanced treatments and procedures take the skill and finesse of an experienced Ophthalmologist. That’s why we’ve selected your city’s best Ophthalmologists – to make the decision process easier for you and your family.
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