Central Venous Port Implantation
Central Venous Port Implantation is a procedure that allows doctors access to the blood vessels without having to continue to poke you with needles. I do not know anyone who likes getting shots. Shots are fairly quick, but it is somewhat painful. When you have to get blood drawn, the process seems long and is uncomfortable. Many people suffer from diseases that require constant access to the blood vessels. You may need medication through a port, IV fluids, or even a blood draw. When you need these things done on a constant basis, you may have to get a port implanted. The port takes away the need for needle use all the time. The overuse of needles to draw blood or insert medication can cause bruising and a lot of discomforts. A port merely makes things easier.
The Blood Vessels
Blood vessels are important and necessary for life. Without blood vessels, we would not be able to get blood to the vital areas of the body. Blood carries oxygen and nutrients that we need. What we eat and drink is broken down into nutrients. These nutrients are put into the blood or expelled through urine and waste. The kidneys are necessary for this filtering process. Whenever you get an IV fluid, the fluid goes into the vein. The reason for this is that the fluids get through the body much faster through the vein. Medication is also put through the vein. It gets through the system fast.
Conditions for Port Placement
Many conditions may cause a doctor to implant a port. A port is used for long-term use, not short-term use. It is good for antibiotic treatment and medication insertion. Some people are unable to swallow medication, and a port makes it possible for them to take medication without any problems. Chemotherapy is also done through a port. Those who have cancer do not get chemotherapy once, and that is it. Chemotherapy is a treatment done over months and sometimes years. These drugs go straight into the vein for effectiveness. If you have feeding problems, the port may also help give you the nutrition you need. If you have a condition that requires blood to drawn multiple times, a port is best. Finally, hemodialysis is done through a port. When you suffer from kidney failure, you will have to go for dialysis sometimes until you receive a kidney transplant. Getting poked in the vein every time you need dialysis can damage the vein. A port limits that damage.
The first step of port placement is finding the appropriate site for placement. A catheter is inserted into the vein. It is typically put into the vein near the elbow or upper arm. It is rare that a port will be placed anywhere else. You may also need sedation for the procedure. Most of the time, there is no need for sedation, but you will need local anesthesia to numb the site where the catheter is being placed. The port is placed right underneath the skin. The incision made is tiny. The incision only needs to be big enough for the port to be put inside. There is a small area that remains elevated at the point where the port is located. The beginning of the port may be in the arm, but the end of the port lies in the central vein in the chest. There is a silicone covering it. Stitches are used to close the incision and keep the port in place. The final step of the procedure requires the use of an X-ray machine. The x-ray machine makes sure the catheter is in the right place. Once the procedure is over, it can be used.
Benefits and Risks
There are several benefits and risks to central venous port implantation. The port allows medication and nutrition to be infused through the vein quickly without complications. The procedure is also pain-free. Having to be stuck with a needle all the time is painful. If you do not like needles, the procedure is even better for you. Blood can also be drawn very quickly and easily. There is not a lot of recovery time. Many people can use their port right after it is put in place. When you need hemodialysis, this is the best way to have it done. The port gives quick access to the blood and can help with serious kidney diseases. The risk includes bleeding and infection. Some people may develop a collection of air in the port which can cause a lung to collapse. Overall, the risks are minimal, but the benefits are extraordinary.
Central venous port implantation is a necessary procedure for certain conditions. When you need long-term access to the vein, a port is necessary. No one wants to a needle put into their vein every week. That causes pain and bruising. When you need hemodialysis, port placement helps a lot in the process because it allows the doctors quick access to the blood vessels. You do not need a needle, and you can pretty much have dialysis without any pain or discomfort.
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