When you are suffering from pelvic organ prolapse, sacrocolpopexy is the best method of treatment for you. Sacrocolpopexy is primarily a result of hysterectomies. The surgery can be done openly or minimally invasively. Prolapse in the pelvic region can be very uncomfortable. The one good thing about pelvic prolapse is that you cannot see the structure from the outside. You mostly feel pressure in the vaginal area. Pelvic organ prolapse is a condition many women deal with. If you notice any symptoms of the condition, the best method of treatment is sacrocolpopexy. The surgery is quick and puts everything in the right place.
Pelvic Organ Prolapse
The pelvic region in women holds the vagina, uterus, and bladder. Muscles keep all these things in place and help them operate properly. If you have muscle weakness in the bladder, you may have urinary incontinence. Muscle weakness surrounding the bladder will cause prolapse. The bladder will not fall and end up outside the body, but it will slouch and put pressure on the vagina. Pelvic prolapse can happen with the following organs as well:
The two primary causes of prolapse are childbirth and surgery. The muscles of the pelvis stretch and weaken during childbirth. When you have surgery, particularly a hysterectomy, the support from the uterus is no longer there, and prolapse may result. There are several risk factors for prolapse as well. Frequent constipation is a common cause. The constant straining can cause those muscles to weaken. Being overweight and coughing a lot are risk factors too. Finally, the occurrence of tumors can cause problems.
There are many symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse. The first symptom is pressure put on the wall of the vagina. You may feel full in your belly and have a feeling of something falling out of the vagina. Urinary incontinence is another problem and because of pressure, you may feel like you have to urinate a lot. Sex can be painful, and constipation is common. Finally, there can be a feeling of stretching in the lower back.
The treatment for pelvic organ prolapse varies. Sometimes the condition will heal on its own without surgery. Sometimes changing your diet and losing weight helps a lot. If you are in a lot of pain and suffering from urinary incontinence, you may need surgery. During surgery, the surgeon will put the pelvic organ back in the right place and release your pain and symptoms.
Sacrocolpopexy is a surgery that restores function to the vaginal area. There are two techniques used to repair the problem. The open technique requires the abdominal wall to be opened. The laparoscopic technique uses instruments, rather the doctor’s hands. During surgery, the surgeon restores it to the proper position. The technique used is dependent upon the severity of the problem. It is also dependent upon your symptoms. Sometimes your symptoms are mild, but the prolapse can be severe and vice versa.
During open surgery, you are first put under general anesthesia. A large incision is made in the lower abdominal region. The incision is large because the surgeon has to go in there with their hands. During open surgery, a graft is sometimes used to support the vaginal wall. The graft is made from three different materials. The surgeon can use your tissue, tissue from other species, or tissue from another human. Sometimes synthetic material is used such as a surgical mesh. The minimally invasive procedure is different. Instead of one large incision, the surgeon makes four to five small incisions to the abdomen. A camera is important in the process. Through the camera, the surgeon can see what they are doing. The tools used during surgery move like the hand of the surgeon.
Risks and Benefits
There are several risks as well as benefits of surgery. Open surgery carries more risks than laparoscopic surgery. There are complications to surgery. Blood loss is a complication in both types of surgeries. In laparoscopic surgery, there is typically less blood loss and shorter hospital stays. The risks of needing blood transfusions are also much lower. Using thin instruments also lowers the risk of mistakes. The movements of the instruments are very precise. If you have to undergo open surgery during the process, it is easier to convert to open surgery with laparoscopic methods.
Sacrocolpopexy is just one method of treating pelvic prolapse. Multiple areas in the pelvic region may prolapse. The pressure can cause pain, discomfort, and urinary incontinence. Two primary causes of the problem are surgery and childbirth. You can have a sacrocolpopexy procedure and experience prolapse again after childbirth. There is no way to prevent prolapse, but you can decrease your risks. If you are overweight, losing weight will benefit you greatly. Eating properly can also help. If you are constipated a lot, you will have problems. If you notice symptoms, you should talk to your OBGYN about it and get the treatment you need right away.
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