Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
According to the US Department of Health and Human Services as many as 5 million women in the United States may be affected by Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome affects your menstrual cycle, hormones, blood vessels and your appearance. It is also one of the most common causes of infertility among women. It has even been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
PCOS Strikes as Many as 1 Out of Every 15 Women of Childbearing Age
What is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome?
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a hormone imbalance that prevents your ovaries from working properly which interferes with ovulation, resulting in infertility.
Normal functioning ovaries are full of “resting” eggs. Every month a few of these eggs become active, triggered by hormones in your body, but only one reaches maturity. During ovulation, your body releases progesterone a hormone which stimulates the dominate egg to be released. The mature egg then enters the fallopian tube to the uterus where it awaits fertilization.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a hormone imbalance which disrupts the ovulation cycle and prevents ovulation. In most cases, your ovaries become laden with small, fluid-filled cysts caused by underdeveloped eggs. This is why you can’t get pregnant. No egg. No baby.
Symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
- Deeper voice
- Enlarged clitoris
- Excessive hair growth on your face, chest and around your nipples
- Heavy or irregular periods or no period at all
- High blood pressure
- High levels of androgens (male hormones)
- Weight gain
Treatment Options for PCOS
There is not a cure for PCOS – Symptoms can be managed to prevent further problems.
- Anti-androgens medication to reduce unwanted hair growth and male characteristics
- Birth control pills to help regulate your periods
- Changes to your diet lower glucose levels and normalize hormones
- Fertility medications to stimulate ovulation
- Laparoscopic surgery to remove cysts and encourage ovulation
- Lifestyle changes to minimize risk of weight gain
- Some Diabetes medication have been proved to minimize symptoms of PCOS
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