Over time most women will be diagnosed with an ovarian mass, also known as ovarian cysts. Ovarian cysts are most common during your childbearing years because they are typically related to the development of the eggs in the ovaries during ovulation.
The most common types of ovarian masses are simple ovarian cysts. They are thin-walled sacs that develop into eggs during ovulation and full of fluid or solid material.
The dominate egg is released once a month and the other sacs are absorbed by your ovaries. When the sacs fail to be absorbed they become cysts or when the sac does not dissolve after the egg is released it can also form into a cyst.
Often times ovarian cysts do not cause any symptoms and require no treatment. And many dissolve over 2-3 menstrual cycles without any intervention. An ovarian mass known as an ovarian adnexal mass can form in the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes. They can be caused by ectopic pregnancies (when the fetus develops outside of the uterus), ovarian cysts, tumors, polycystic ovaries or abscesses. Ovarian masses like an adnexal mass are usually non-cancerous growths located in the fallopian tubes or ovaries.
Types of Cysts
- Dermoid Cysts
- Ovarian Cysts
How is an Ovarian Cyst Detected?
If you have ovarian masses you may experience abdominal or lower back pain, abnormal periods, painful menstrual cramps or pain during sex. These are typically the symptoms that prompt a visit to your gynecologist.
Your Gynecologist will carefully evaluate your symptoms and run a series of test to determine what is causing your symptoms. An ovarian cyst can only be detected using an ultrasound device, MRI, Laparoscopy or blood test. Most cysts go away on their own, but sometimes you aren’t so lucky. The cysts don’t go away and continue to grow. The larger the ovarian cyst becomes the more pain you experience. Large ovarian masses usually require surgical removal.
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