Infertility 2018-02-19T12:44:30+00:00

GYNECOLOGY

Infertility

10-15% percent of couples in the United States are infertile.  This is under the defining terms of having unprotected sex for 6 months to a year and still not being able to get pregnant.

Difference Between Infertility & Being Sterile

There is a clear distinction between being infertile and being sterile.  Although 15% of couples are infertile and unable to have a child, only 1-2% of those people are sterile. The definition of sterility or sterile is being unable to ever have a child, while those who are infertile can get help and potentially have children.  An “unexplained infertility” occurs in over 15% of couples that are infertile. This term means no causes can be found as to why the couple is infertile.

Symptoms of Infertility In Women

  • Abnormal periods in women, they are lighter or heavier than usual, and they are irregular
  • No periods, your period has suddenly stopped or you have never had one
  • Female infertility is linked to hormonal issues: skin changes – acne, loss of sexual drive, hair loss, weight gain, pain during sex

Symptoms of Infertility In Men

  • Changes in sexual desire
  • Changes in hair grown
  • Lump in testicles
  • Problems with erections

When To See A Doctor

  • If you are under the age of 35 and have had no success getting pregnant for a year of trying
  • If you are a woman, over the age of 35, and have had no success for 6 months of trying

How To Prepare For Your Doctor Appointment

  •      Genetic disorders such as diabetes, or thyroid diseases
  •      History of STD’s
  •      Bring in a list of all the medications, vitamins, minerals you are taking
  •      Changes your body has undergone or other symptoms
  •      Dates of surgeries you’ve had, and any involving the reproductive tracts
  •      How long have you had unprotected sex?
  •      Are you a smoker?
  •      Radiation or chemotherapy treatment? Dates?

The Most Common Fertility Drugs

  • Clomid or Serophene: Clomid has been used for over 25 years, and is used to treat women who are not ovulating regularly. Both Clomid and Serophene are anti-estrogen drugs, which cause the hypothalamus and pituitary gland to release hormones.
  • Effectiveness: 60-80% of women who take these drugs begin ovulating regularly and half of those are able to get pregnant, in as soon as 3 cycles.
  • Injectable Hormones To Stimulate Ovulation: hCG, FSH, hMG, GnRH, GnRH – agonist, GnRH – antagonist

Other Infertility Treatment Options

  • Artificial Insemination
  • In Vitro Fertilization
  • Using An Egg Donor
  • Relaxation Techniques To Overcome Stress & Infertility
  • Treating PCOS
  • Using A Surrogate Mother

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