Intrauterine Devices (IUD) are one form of birth control that has become popular. There are many different types of birth control these days. Before now, people either had to take the pill, use protection, or go off of their menstrual calendar. The pill is still pretty popular, but with all these new methods, women want to try something different. With there being many different methods, there is something for everybody. IUDs have become popular because it takes the hassle out of remembering to take a pill daily. IUDs are very effective and may be the best birth control method for you.
IUDs are a type of birth control that is placed inside the uterus. It is T-shaped and contains a string that is used for removal and as a way for you to check its positioning. Some people may be wary of placing something like this inside of them. It is so small that you actually cannot feel it. You will not even know it is in there. The IUD prevents birth by preventing fertilization of an egg as well as the implantation of the egg in the uterus. The substance of the IUD creates an inflammatory response in the uterus. This triggers the immune system and creates a toxic atmosphere for sperm. If all the sperm dies, you cannot get pregnant; sounds like a pretty good deal.
Types of IUDs
There are two types of IUDs. The first type is a copper IUD. The whole IUD is not copper, but the stem is. This IUD is the most popular type. It is extremely effective because it triggers the inflammatory response inside the uterus to prevent fertilization and implantation. A copper IUD can last up to 10 years. This makes people interested. If you decide you are ready to get pregnant, you can also remove it. The second type of IUD is a hormonal IUD. This IUD releases a hormone very similar to the progesterone hormone women’s bodies make naturally. Although it is not as popular as the copper IUD, it is more effective. The hormone released changes the lining of the uterus to also prevent fertilization and implantation. Hormone IUDs do not last as long as the copper ones. They can either last for three years or five years. They do not last as long because the hormone being released loses its potency after so long. Copper does not go out.
There are risks with IUDs like with any birth control. Both types of IUDs affect your menstrual cycle, pose a risk for injury, and may fall out. Copper IUDs tend to worsen menstrual bleeding and cramps. Hormonal IUDs make your periods irregular and cause spotting. It takes time for your body to adjust to the new device. When inserting the device, it is possible to puncture the wall of the uterus. Sometimes it gets stuck in the uterus and during expulsion, it punctures the uterus. If that happens, you have to take the IUD out and let the uterus heal. Since it is a small device that sits in the uterus, it is possible for it to fall out. Expulsion is rare, but it does happen sometimes. If you insert an IUD after pregnancy or if you have never been pregnant, you are at a higher risk of the IUD coming out. The other disadvantages to this form of birth control are the cost and the inability to remove it yourself.
With all the risk and disadvantages, there are a lot of advantages to it. IUDs are 99% effective. This is a great advantage. No birth control is absolutely 100% effective, so 99% is excellent. With IUDs, you do not have worry about taking something daily or going back to the doctor every three months to get it changed. Copper IUDs last up to 10 years and Hormone IUDs last 3-5 years. Not having to worry about birth control for a long period is great. During this time, if you do decide to have a child, you can easily go to the doctor and have the IUD removed. If you have a heavy menstrual or terrible cramps, the hormonal IUD is effective in helping that. When you are first starting birth control, you may be concerned with weight gain. There is no risk at all for weight gain which is good. One of the last advantages is its effectiveness at preventing and relieving endometrial problems.
IUDs are very effective and give you an alternative to birth control pills. You may be worried about having something placed inside your uterus, but the risks are low, and the benefits are tremendous. IUDs are not for everybody, but if you are considering one, you should make an appointment with your OB/GYN. They will go over all the pros and cons of the birth control with you. They are also available to answer any questions you may have. If you are currently looking for new birth control, you should consider an IUD. It may be the best method for you.
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