EAR, NOSE & THROAT
Having anything in your nose is annoying, and it can become a nasal obstruction. Breathing is crucial to living, and a nasal obstruction makes it difficult. Nasal obstructions are anything that creates a blockage in the nose or nasal cavity. Kids are good for putting things in their nose that does not belong. Some other nasal obstructions can occur either through illness or abnormal nose structure. There are no worries; nasal obstructions can be treated. You will not have to breathe through your mouth forever.
The nose is an important structure. It not only helps with respiration, but it also assists in smelling. You may think hair in the nose is disgusting, but it has a purpose. The hairs are there to filter out foreign objects. Smell is possible through olfactory cells. These cells recognize the air that comes into the nose and send signals to the brain that allows you to smell. The nose is made of cartilage, but the base of the nose is made of bone: the maxillary bone and the palatine bone. Within the nose is a structure known as the septum, which separates the nose into two nostrils. The nose also has a structure known as the turbinate. The turbinates are shell shaped bones in the nasal cavity that are covered by a mucous lining. All these structures work together to make the nose useful.
Causes of Nasal Obstruction
There are so many different things that can cause a nasal obstruction. Some common nasal obstructions include the insertion of foreign objects, deviated septums, swelling, and polyps. The nose is an opening which allows different things to enter. Many children like to play by putting things in their nose. These obstructions can usually be removed without surgery if they are not too far in the nasal cavity. If you suffer from allergies, you are familiar with nasal obstructions. When allergens enter the nasal cavity, it immediately causes swelling. The swelling makes breathing out of your nose difficult. Cold, flu, and other sicknesses can also create a lot of congestion. This congestion makes blowing your nose nearly impossible. It almost seems like no matter how hard you try; you cannot get any congestion relief. Through medication, this problem can be resolved.
Nasal obstructions can also be associated with the nasal structure. A deviated septum is one common nasal obstruction that must be fixed by nasal surgery. A deviated septum is a result of the septum in the nose deviating too far to the right or left of the nose. The crooked septum decreases your ability to breathe through your nose. Turbinate hypertrophy is the inflammation of the mucous covering of the turbinates. It is a result of allergies and irritation. The adenoids are soft tissue, associated with the immune system; that sits in the nasal cavity. Swelling of the adenoids or enlarged adenoids can also create a nasal obstruction. Adenoid problems can also lead to sleep apnea and in these cases, they are removed.
Treating Nasal Obstruction
Nasal obstruction treatment is dependent upon the cause of the obstruction. A nasal obstruction caused by inflammation is usually taken care of by medication. Adenoid, turbinate, and congestion are all forms of inflammation related to either allergies or the entrance of virus and bacteria. Surgery treats a deviated septum. The surgeon will cut the septum and cut away any parts of the septum that is in the wrong place. Surgery can be used to remove the adenoids. When the adenoids are inhibiting breathing, they are removed. Any foreign objects placed in the nose are just simply removed. Most of the time a physician can remove an object with simple tools. Only in extreme cases will these objects need to be removed through surgery.
Nasal obstructions are common and can happen to anyone. They are something that you are either born with or bring upon yourself. Some people are more susceptible to nasal obstructions. If you suffer from allergies, you are one of those people. Any birth defects in the nasal cavity are unavoidable. They all require surgery to be fixed. Nasal obstructions are irritating and uncomfortable. Although it is possible to breathe through your mouth, it is not something that we look forward to doing.
All nasal obstructions can be treated whether it is associated with nasal anatomy or inflammatory issues. If you have a nasal obstruction, you will notice based on your inhibited ability to breathe through your nose. It also leads to your inability to smell and taste properly. Intervention from a doctor may not be needed for all inflammatory problems. If your inflammatory problems become chronic, a physician may prescribe stronger medications or decide to do surgery. Just about everyone will experience a nasal obstruction at one point in their life. It is nothing to fret over. Nasal obstructions only become a serious issue when it affects your sleep and nearly cuts off all oxygen. When a nasal obstruction is removed, you will be happy you can breathe again.
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