Aortoiliac Disease

Aortoiliac occlusive disease is the blockage of your aorta, the main blood vessel in your body, or the iliac arteries. This blockage is typically caused by a buildup of plaque within the walls of your blood vessels. Your iliac arteries are the branches that your aorta divides into. These arteries provide blood to your legs and the organs in your pelvis. They are located just around your belly button.

Aortoiliac Disease md top10mdSymptoms 

 You could have various symptoms or no symptoms at all and still have aortoiliac disease. Feeling fatigue, cramps, and pain in your buttocks, thighs or calves while walking may be a sign of having mild to moderate aortoiliac occlusive disease. As it progresses, you may experience these symptoms after walking a very short distance. This pain is known as claudication, and it goes away after you rest for a short while. If you are a man, you may experience erectile dysfunction as a symptom of aortoiliac disease. Experiencing pain at rest and other leg and feet problems is another symptom. If you have a severe case of aortoiliac disease you may feel pain in your feet or toes while you are at rest, a cold and numb feeling in your legs, and sores or wounds on your legs and feet. You may even experience gangrene or the death of tissue in your feet.

Cause

The most common known cause of aortoiliac disease is atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a disease in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up in your arteries. This hardening of your arteries has several known causes:

Being active and eating healthy foods can give you so many things:

Ask your doctor about what your goal weight should be, what diet guidelines and levels of salt and fat they recommend. It is also your responsibility to find out what types of exercise are right for you to do.

Diagnosis

Your vascular specialist or surgeon will ask you questions about your symptoms and medical history, including questions about your family members and their health conditions. A physical exam will also be performed. Then a series of diagnostic tests will possibly be recommended:

If further testing is needed, there are additional studies that can be performed. These studies use various types of dyes to help your doctor identify where blockages in your arteries are located:

Treatment Aortoiliac Disease md top10md

Aortoiliac occlusive disease can be managed by doing the following:

If your need further treatment, a minimally invasive procedure like a stent placement or an angiogram may be needed. Sometimes a surgical bypass is a way to go. A stent is a small device that pushes the plaque against the walls of your arteries and creates a wider path for blood to flow to the lower half of your body. Angioplasty (where an inflatable balloon device is inserted through the catheter to further assist in opening up your arteries) can be added to stent placement. Surgical bypass surgery involves the creation of a detour that goes around the blockage. This detour may start in your aorta (near your heart) and ends either in your iliac arteries in your pelvis, or in an artery in your groin.

Talk with your doctor about getting tested for atherosclerosis and aortoiliac disease. If you catch and treat it early, you could save yourself from suffering its debilitating symptoms.

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