A vasectomy is a procedure that prevents the release of sperm when male ejaculates, thus acting as a form of permanent birth control. Specifically, in a vasectomy procedure, the vas deferens in each testicle, is clamped, sealed or cut; this prevents the sperm and semen from mixing when the penis ejaculates. If there are no sperm in the semen, then an egg cannot be fertilized. So what happens to the existing sperm that is produced? It is absorbed into the body, which is a very natural process.
Keep in mind that it still takes several months, after the vasectomy, for the remaining sperm to be ejaculated or absorbed into the body, so another form of birth control should be used. Then, once you take a sample semen test and the count shows zero sperm count, you don’t have to use another form of birth control.
The Vasectomy Procedure
First, the scrotum and testicles area are clean and possibly shaved. Then, and IV is given to help ease anxiety and make you drowsy where you probably will not remember the procedure. Then the vas deferens are located by the doctor. Local anesthesia is given, and then he makes a small incision in the scrotum, where the doctor is then able to access the two vas deferens tubes and cut them. After that, the ends are sealed, tied, or stitched. The skin is then closed with stitches that dissolve and do not have to be removed. And the whole procedure takes 20-30 minutes.
After Vasectomy Surgery
- Scrotum area will be numb for 1-2 hours
- Lay on your back for rest of day with ice packs applied to the area
- The tighter the underwear, the better; this will help ease discomfort
- Swelling and minor pain will occur for several days after surgery
- Avoid heavy lifting for at least a week after surgery
- Return to work 1-2 days after surgery
- Sexual intercourse can be resumed when you feel comfortable, and usually about one week after surgery
How Well Does Vasectomy Work?
The vasectomy procedure has a 99.85% effectiveness as permanent birth control. This statistic translates into 1-2 women out of 1,000 women that have an unplanned pregnancy from a vasectomy, within the first year after the surgery. The only reason a vasectomy may fail is if partners do not use the second form of birth control during the first month of two after surgery when the body is still getting rid of existing live sperm count. In other words, it can take 10-20 ejaculations before the body is rid of the sperm from the semen. On a very rare occasion, the vas deferens can spontaneously reconnect, allowing the sperm to mix again with the semen, but this is very unlikely.
Risks of Vasectomy Surgery
The risks for this surgery are very low and typically include bleeding under the skin that leads to swelling or bruising, inflammation around the tubes, infection at the site of the infection, or the sperm leaking from the vas deferens and forming a lump. This condition, called a sperm granuloma can be treated with rest and pain medication.
FIND A TOP10MD UROLOGIST NEAR YOU
A top-notch, experienced Urologist will have all the tools and training needed to get to the root of your problem and significantly improve your symptoms.
There are hundreds of Urologists to choose from; however, not all doctors are created equal. Urology takes the skill and finesse of an experienced Surgeon. That’s why we’ve selected your city’s best Urologists – to make the decision process easier for you and your family.
For your peace of mind, Top10MD Urologists’ credentials are validated yearly to verify medical licenses have no serious patient care sanctions, current Board Certifications in their given medical specialty, current DEA & DPS licenses, and malpractice insurance. A Top10MD has at least 5+ years experience or has performed 300+ procedures in their given specialty and a current Patient Satisfaction Score of 8.5 or higher.