The labrum is cartilage that is found in both the shoulder and the hip. Ball in socket joints usually has labrum. Both the shoulder and hip are ball in socket joints. They have a wide range of motion. The labrum assists in keeping the ball of the joint in place. When it comes to the shoulder, it keeps the clavicle and humerus connected. In the hip, it keeps the femur and pelvic bone in place. Labral tears are very painful. There are different causes of labral tears. No matter the cause, treatment is available.
Labrum, the ring of cartilage in the shoulder and hip joint, forms around the outside of the joint. The cartilage is important because it holds the joint in place while keeping the bones from rubbing together. Cartilage is not nearly as strong as bone, so it is easier to injure. It may be hard to understand how labrum tears being that it is cartilage and not a ligament or tendon. A labrum tear happens from a detachment of the labrum from either the pelvic bone in the hip or the scapula in the shoulder. When the labrum tears, it is very painful. The symptoms cannot be ignored.
The symptoms of a labrum tear are the same in the shoulder and the hip; the only difference is the location of the tear. In both the hip and the shoulder you will feel stiffness and have trouble moving the joint. You may also feel an onset of weakness in the area. The pain may also increase at night. During movement, you may feel or hear a clicking. The joint may feel like it is locking and catching. If the tear is in the shoulder, the pain will be felt with movement. The shoulder is a little easier to keep still. You do not have to move your shoulder if you choose not to. If the labrum tear is in the hip, you will not only feel pain in the hip joint, but you may also feel pain in the groin area. The problem with labrum tears in the hip is that it can make you immobile. Walking is nearly essential. You have to walk to get things done. It is very difficult to keep your leg stable and not move it. Try your best not to do too much exercising or squatting. If the pain worsens, you should see your doctor.
Labrum tears in the hip and shoulder have the same causes. In most cases a labrum tear is caused by trauma. If you play sports, this is a common occurrence. Hockey and football are two sports that see these types of injuries. If you fall wrong, you may also tear your labrum. If the arm or leg is outstretched when you fall, it may create a tear in the labrum. Any direct hits to the shoulder and hip will also lead to a tear. This is one reason hockey and football are at the top of the list for sports that cause labrum tears. Weight lifting also falls under the category of trauma. Lifting something too heavy often results in shoulder tears. You shoulder will give out, and the labrum will rip. A lot of lifting is done with the legs. Trying to squat too much can cause your hip joint to pop out of place which too can lead to a labrum tear. When it comes to the hip, structural problems may lead to labrum tears. Some people are born with hip abnormalities that affect their walking. When those things are fixed, it can put a strain on the labrum. The labrum will eventually tear. Overwork of both the shoulder and hip joints may also result in a labrum tear. The cartilage will wear out and tear.
After an X-ray and MRI is done, the doctor will verify a labrum tear. In less severe cases the physician will prescribe medication. Anti-inflammatory meds decrease inflammation and reduce pain. Shots can be given in both the shoulder and hip joint to relieve the pain. The next option is therapy. Therapy can increase your range of motion in both joints. It will also help stabilize the joints. They can help you move in a way that relieves stress from the joints. When all else fails, surgery is the next option. During surgery, the doctor repairs the tear by sewing it back onto the bone. After surgery, you must go through rehab to regain your range of motion. It also helps strengthen the joint.
Labrum tears are interesting in that it can happen in more than one place. Labrum tears are not restricted to just one joint. The ball in socket joints of the hip and shoulder are very similar. If you experience a labrum tear in either joint, you will have the same symptoms of stiffness and pain. Make an appointment with your primary physician. They will probably refer you to a sports medicine physician. By getting the care you need, you will be able to get your full range of motion back.
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