The SI Joint also known as the Sacroiliac joint is an important joint that must be stabilized for us to function properly. The sacroiliac joint has an important function in our overall stability. The SI joint sits in a crucial spot. It is the part that divides the upper body from the lower body. The only reason we can balance and stand without problems is the SI joint. When the SI joint is not stable, not only do you lose stability, but you experience a lot of pain and discomfort. Stabilizing the SI Joint can help you gain stability and get you back on your feet.
The SI joint is not a large joint at all, but it has a major function. It works as a shock absorber. It absorbs the pressure and forces put on the body and helps to distribute it to the legs. If the back took all that pressure, it may break and experience a lot of degeneration. There is not just on SI joint, but two. The joints are on each side of the hip. Although the joints are not large, they are very strong. They are held together by muscles and ligaments. The ligaments play the greatest role in holding the joints together and keeping them from coming out of place. The sacroiliac joint is not immobile, but it does not have a large range of motion. The SI joint is not meant to do a lot of moving; therefore, the lack of movement does not affect you in a negative way.
SI Joint Instability Causes
The SI joint is susceptible to many different problems causing it to become unstable. A common issue for the SI joint is arthritis. Arthritis is the inflammation of the joints in the body. When arthritis is untreated, the joints will stay inflamed. Inflammation may not seem like a big deal, but it will begin to destroy the joint. Joints help to cushion the bones. If the joint is not functioning properly, the sacrum and the ilium will start rubbing together. This pain is much more severe and can only be treated by surgery. Injuries are another source of joint instability. As stated earlier, the joint is held together by ligaments and muscles. A sports injury, in pa rticular, may put a strain on the ligaments and muscles. The overextension of that region can tear the ligament more than anything. If the ligament is torn, the joint may not stay in place. Abnormalities in walking can also make the joint unstable. If you have an abnormal gait, it puts a lot of pressure on those joints which may cause inflammation and instability.
Symptoms of SI Joint Instability
When the SI joint is not stable, it causes a lot of pain. The pain is not localized to just that region of the body. The pain radiates into the legs and even the back. The thighs and groin, in particular, become irritated by an unstabilized SI joint. The back may take the brunt of the pain. Instability of the SI joint affects its ability to absorb the shock put on the body; this puts a lot more pressure on the spine. Sitting may relief some of the pain, but it creates a lot of stiffness. Once you try to stand up, the pain will be immediate. Doing any physical activities will also cause a lot of pain. Walking and jogging may seem like an impossible task, when pain reaches that point, it is important to seek treatment.
SI Joint Treatment
SI Joint instability is not something that you have to continue to live with. There are methods of treatment that not only ease your pain but can cure your instability problems. Medication is typically the first step of treatment. The medication can ease a lot of your pain. It is also good to use heating pads and ice. The ice will numb the pain, and the heat will loosen the joint. There are alternative options that do not require medication. Physical therapy is one. Physical therapy strengthens the muscles and ligaments and makes you more flexible. Going to a chiropractor can help as well. The chiropractor can keep the joint aligned and stabilize it. When all else fails, surgery is an option. Surgery is sometimes the best option when the joint is damaged, and the pain is severe.
The SI Joint has an important function, and if it is not stabilized, you will suffer. The pain in the back and legs can be tremendous and make it hard for you to walk. The SI joint does so much to distribute the weight and pressure that when it is unstabilized, areas that should not feel that much pressure begins to take it. Stabilizing the joint will help bring relief. If you are suffering from joint pain, speak with a physician and get the treatment you need.
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