Are you suffering from severe hip pain or stiffness? Has age taken its toll on your hip joints, so much so, that regular activities have become painful and laborious? Before we discuss hip replacement surgery, you should understand basic hip anatomy.
Your hip is one of two synovial joints or ball-and-socket joints in your entire body, your shoulder being the other one. Ball-and-socket joints provide the widest range of motion, compared to any other joints in your body.
Your Hip Joints Bear the Weight of Your Entire Body
In the United States last year over 332,000 total hip replacements were performed
An unhealthy, damaged or injured hip can drastically interfere with everyday activities such as walking, jumping, running, and even standing.
The “ball” (femoral head) of your thighbone fits into the “socket” (acetabulum), which is part of your pelvis bone. These two bone structures make up your hip joint. They are cushioned by cartilage, which acts as a shock absorber, which keeps the bones from touching and allows your hip joint to move freely.
The tissue surrounding the hip joint produces a fluid, which lubricates the joints and reduces friction. Your hip is one of the largest joints in your body. When something goes wrong with your hips, it can affect your whole body.
Common Reasons for Hip Replacement Surgery
The #1 reason for hip replacement surgery is caused by osteoarthritis or “wear and tear” of the cartilage surrounding the hip joint.
- Bone Cancer or Bone Tumors
- Hip Injuries or Hip Fractures
- Osteonecrosis or Avascular Necrosis
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
Bone Cancer or Bone Tumors – Bone metastasis happens when cancer arises in organs like your breasts, lungs, thyroid or prostate and then invades the bone. When metastatic bone disease strikes your hipbones a hip replacement may be necessary to regain mobility.
Hip Injuries or Hip Fractures – Injuries, dislocations or a broken hip due to severe trauma or a fall can be very painful and impair normal function of your hip.
Osteoarthritis – When the cartilage that cushions the ball-and-socket of your hip joint start to wear down the bones rub together. This can be very painful and cause bony growths, known as bone spurs, to form around the joint. This type of arthritis develops with age and normal wear and tear on the hip joint.
Osteonecrosis or Avascular Necrosis – Injuries and disease can often cause Avascular Necrosis of the hipbone, which results in a lack of blood supply to the bone. This lack of blood supply can destroy the bone surface causing it to collapse. This may lead to arthritis and eventually total or partial hip replacement.
Rheumatoid Arthritis – This is an autoimmune disease that affects the synovial membrane, which causes pain and stiffness in your hips. This type of inflammatory arthritis worsens over time and can gradually restrict movement until you can no longer walk.
What is Hip Replacement Surgery?
If your condition is severe enough and alternative treatments have not worked your Orthopedic Surgeon may recommend hip
replacement surgery. Hip replacement surgery or arthroplasty is a surgical procedure that removes damaged or diseased parts of your hip and replaces them with artificial, man-made parts called prosthesis. The goal of surgery is to relieve pain, regain mobility and normal hip function.
If your hip joint can no longer perform its job your condition may require a total hip replacement. If the damage or disease has only affected part of the hip you may only require partial hip replacement surgery. The most common type of partial hip replacement is called bipolar hip replacement.
Nowadays more and more surgeons perform hip replacement surgery laparoscopically, which is a minimally invasive procedure. However, it is still considered major surgery. Rehabilitation after surgery varies depending on the type of surgery, whether or not your surgeon used cement or cementless method, your age, overall health, and how well you follow post-operative instructions.
You may require a walker or crutches for several weeks after surgery and physical therapy.
FIND A TOP10MD ORTHOPEDIC SURGEON NEAR YOU
An experienced Orthopedic Surgeon or Sports Medicine Specialist has extensive knowledge of musculoskeletal conditions and how to treat them. They use cutting-edge surgical techniques to help you restore movement to your joints, ankles, back and neck so you can get back to your normal activities.
It’s important that you trust your Orthopedic Surgeon. There are hundreds of Orthopedic Surgeons to choose from; however, not all doctors are created equal. That’s why we’ve selected your city’s best Orthopedic Surgeons – to make the decision process easier for you and your family.
For your peace of mind, Top10MD Orthopedic Surgeons’ credentials are validated yearly to verify medical licenses have no serious patient care sanctions, current Board Certifications in their given medical specialty, current DEA & DPS licenses, and malpractice insurance. A Top10MD has at least 5+ years experience or has performed 300+ procedures in their given specialty and a current Patient Satisfaction Score of 8.5 or higher.