Nausea and vomiting that occurs during the first trimester of pregnancy is also known as “morning sickness.” Three out of four women suffer from symptoms related to morning sickness. However, for most expectant mothers, it is over between the 12th and 14th week of your pregnancy. Despite the fact that morning sickness can make you feel pretty lousy, it is important to remember that it will not harm your baby.
There are many theories about what causes morning sickness. No one knows for sure. There is a chance that you may not experience morning sickness– not all women do. And not all women experience morning sickness in the same way. You may have only queasy moments occasionally, or you may feel sick all the time but never vomit. You may only vomit once in a while, or you may vomit frequently. The different theories about the potential cause of nausea during pregnancy are. If you are carrying more than one child inside of you, your hormone levels will be higher than average, and you will likely experience morning sickness. Rising levels of estrogen and progesterone relax the muscles in your digestive tract and make your digestion less efficient. Pregnancy inevitably leads to fatigue, which can exacerbate your morning sickness. Interestingly enough, severe morning sickness can also increase your fatigue. Try out low-impact exercise, stretching, and yoga to help you decrease your general fatigue.
If this is your first pregnancy, it is more common to have morning sickness, and your symptoms will be more severe as well. This data supports the idea that the drastic physical changes and emotional anxieties and fears that accompany your first pregnancy play a role in the severity of your symptoms. Perhaps women who have given birth before know what to expect, and have figured out how their body reacts to pregnancy and know how to treat their particular symptoms. Or it could be that if you are in a subsequent pregnancy, you are distracted from your nausea and fears by the demands of caring for your older ones. These are generalities that never hold true for every expectant mother. Some women are queasier in later pregnancies than in their first pregnancy.
Your brain may have a nausea command post that is particularly sensitive; many times if you have a history of getting carsick or seasick you will be more likely to experience severe nausea and vomiting. If you never really get queasy you are less likely to have spells of nausea and vomiting during your pregnancy. If your mother had morning sickness during her pregnancies, you are more likely to develop morning sickness symptoms. The pregnancy hormone hCG is thought to trigger morning sickness because it peaks around the time that morning sickness is the worst. Your sense of smell is keener. Many women also report a metallic taste in their mouth. Non-caffeinated teas can help ease this unpleasant taste. Avoid candy, mints, and gum. Emotional stress triggers gastrointestinal problems. Your symptoms of morning sickness will increase as your stress levels increase. Try meditation or other relaxation techniques to manage your stress.
Not eating a lot isn’t a problem in the short term. Your baby is very small and doesn’t have a lot of nutritional needs yet when morning sickness is at its worst. By the time your baby develops these needs, you will have your appetite back in a very big, overwhelming way. But for now, when you’re in the first trimester, it is not unheard of to have such a hard time keeping food down that you lose weight. This doesn’t hurt your child as long as you make up for this lost weight in the later months of your pregnancy. Keep an eye on your urine: it should be clear, light, and straw colored. If it is dark, you need to drink more water. Be careful. If you can’t keep anything down, including fluids, you may be experiencing symptoms of hyperemesis gravidarum. This is a more serious condition affecting 2% of women with morning sickness. If you are vomiting several times a day and your nausea is continuous and severe, see your doctor. You may need additional treatment to protect you and your baby.
For now stick to foods that are appealing to you, even if they are the same foods over and over again. Avoid eating, seeing, smelling, or even thinking about dishes that trigger your nausea. Spicy and acidic foods and foods with a strong aroma may be challenging to deal with. You will likely be able to find a couple of healthy foods that you can keep down. That will take care of most of your nutrition until you can handle a more varied diet. Don’t let it get empty either. Eating six to eight small meals a day rather than three large square meals will help your stomach from being empty and keep your meals easy to digest. Nausea is likely to strike when you are running on empty, like after a long night’s sleep. Stock your nightstand with crackers, nuts, fruit, trail mix, and other snacks to eat first thing in the morning. Right before bed you can eat a light snack high in protein and complex carbohydrates before you go to sleep to help your stomach in the morning
Morning sickness can feel like a very mysterious and unavoidable condition. But you and your doctor can find the right combination of treatments to ease your symptoms of nausea and vomiting.
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