Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammations and ulcers. This inflammation is long lasting. Ulcerative colitis affects your colon and your rectum and develops over time rather than suddenly. Ulcerative colitis can be debilitating and can sometimes lead to life-threatening complications.

Cure

Although there is no known cure for ulcerative colitis, getting the proper treatment can help you reduce signs and symptoms, and even bring about long-term remission.

Symptoms

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The symptoms of ulcerative colitis can vary depending on the severity of inflammation and where in your bowel the ulcerative colitis is located. Doctors often classify ulcerative colitis according to location. You may experience the following signs and symptoms, depending on what part of your colon is inflamed:

Diagnosis 

If you are experiencing abdominal pain, blood in your stool, diarrhea that awakens you from your sleep, diarrhea that doesn’t respond to medication or an unexplained fever that lasts more than a day or two, you should see your doctor for treatment.

Cause

The exact causes of ulcerative colitis are not known. Diet and stress were suspected to be the cause, but doctors now know that these factors aggravate ulcerative colitis, but don’t necessarily cause it to occur. Immune system malfunction is a possible cause because the cells of the digestive tract are affected. When your immune system tries to attack an invading bacteria or virus, if you have an abnormal immune response your immune system may attack the healthy cells of your digestive tract too. Heredity also seems to play a role in ulcerative colitis. If you have family members that have the disease, it is more likely that you will develop ulcerative colitis.

Risk Factors

Ulcerative colitis usually occurs before the age of 30. It can occur at any age. Some people don’t develop ulcerative colitis until after age 60. Having a close relative (parent, sibling, child) puts you at a higher risk of ulcerative colitis. If you have used this medication to treat cystic acne or acne, you may be more at risk for IBD and possibly ulcerative colitis. Caucasian people have the highest risk of developing ulcerative colitis. If you are of Ashkenazi Jewish descent, your risk is even higher.

If goes untreated 

Some of the possible complications of ulcerative colitis can be very serious. These complications include the following conditions:

Diagnosis 

To prepare for your appointment, make a list of all the symptoms you have been experiencing even symptoms that seem unrelated. Ask a family member or friend to come with you since it can be hard to take in all the information your doctor gives you. Try to write down any questions you may have and ask them to your doctor. Sometimes you may be required to restrict your diet or give a stool sample, be aware of any pre-appointment restrictions. To diagnose you your doctor will ask about your symptoms, personal life, and medications and supplements you are taking. Your doctor will ask you about the following topics:

Your doctor will administer the following tests to rule out other possible causes for your symptoms.Ulcerative Colitis md top10md

Your treatment depends mainly on how bad your disease is. You will probably be prescribed with medicine and will require changes in your diet. Treatment for severe cases may require surgery or hospital treatment.

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