Top10MD Blog


 12 months ago    Leave a comments (0)

Is Pneumonia contagious? With approximately 10 million Americans acquiring pneumonia annually, we have to wonder, is it?  Pneumonia is a serious health problem that affects the lungs and has multiple causes. To understand, you must understand its source. Various types of organisms cause the infection, such as viruses, fungi, bacteria, and parasites. Pneumonia itself is not contagious, but rather the germs associated with it.

If multiple strains of these organisms come in contact with your lungs, they can lead to an infection. Once these pesky organisms get into the lungs, it causes inflammation within the alveoli leading fluid to build up in the lungs.

Types of Pneumonia

There are three major types and each with its set of symptoms.

  • Viral 

    Affects infants more than anybody and can take approximately three weeks to cure.

  • Bacterial 

    Is the most common cause. The symptoms include; fever, chills, shortness of breath and exhaustion.

  • Walking

    Is a mild form of bacterial pneumonia symptoms are the same as bacterial, but can also include a dry cough, diarrhea, and a low-grade fever.

How Is Pneumonia Spread?

When your immune system is down, you are more susceptible. Those in hospitals and with chronic infections tend to get it more than others. Pneumonia spreads through droplets of saliva which is spread primarily through coughing and sneezing. Those droplets of saliva contain the bacteria or virus causing the infection. While some forms of pneumonia are more contagious than others, there is a brief window in which it is contagious. The source of bacteria plays a significant role in how infectious pneumonia is and how long the disease is contagious.

Protect Yourself!

Although pneumonia is contagious, there are ways to prevent it.

  1. Vaccinations

    Pneumonia vaccines and flu vaccines can help protect you against the virus. Sometimes the flu is a precursor for pneumonia. When you have a flu vaccine, you not only prevent the flu, but you lower your risk of acquiring pneumonia.

  2. Hand Washing

    Bacteria is everywhere! Not washing your hands, can spread the bacteria. Wash your hands!

  3. Quit Smoking

    Smoking puts you at high risk – by making it hard for the lungs to clear infections.

Pneumonia is not a disease that anyone desires to get, but if you notice those symptoms, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible. Practice good health habits to protect yourself and others from acquiring the infection.


 1 year ago    Leave a comments (0)

Surgeries that some consider routine can still sometimes cause serious complications. No matter how straightforward you think your surgery might be, you still want to be in the absolute best surgical hands.

Today, your surgeon and hospital are especially important for procedures that are new or complex or even routine. You should be concerned and research but your surgeon and the hospital for that matter as most errors happen in a hospital setting according to John Hopkins report in May noting the third leading cause of death is medical errors. In your search for the best surgeon one indicator is how often your surgeon performs the procedure you’re seeking. For example, a study by researchers at New Hampshire’s Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center of people undergoing surgery for pancreatic cancer found that annual death rates were nearly four times higher for those treated by surgeons who performed the fewest operations.

With that being said, how should you choose a surgeon, someone with whom you’ll be sharing some of your most personal information and entrusting with life-and-death decisions? Communication with your surgeon is essential.

Ask your prospective surgeon these questions before going under…

Are you board certified, and is your certification current?

  • Look for a surgeon who has the necessary board certification(s), necessary training, and has maintained their certification(s) in the specialty they are practicing.

Is this surgery necessary?

  • Avoiding surgery entirely is the only sure way to avoid a surgical complication; understanding the effectiveness of the surgery and having exhausted alternatives you then need to compare the results of your alternatives with the possible risks of the surgery. 

What are your success, failure, and complication rates?

  • Not all surgeons are willing to be upfront with this information, but a good surgeon will.

What is your experience with this surgery?

  • Ask your surgeon how many of these procedures he or she has performed and compare that number with other surgeons performing the same procedure. The best surgeon is not necessarily the busiest surgeon; it’s about avoiding the surgeon who has not performed the procedure as much or as often or as well.

What’s the hospital’s infection rate?

  • Seventeen states now make that information public, and many hospitals report their rates voluntarily. Kudos to them! After asking these questions and others relating to your needs, likes, and dislikes, do your homework and make your choice. Your final decision could be one of the most important you’ll make for you and your family.

To locate a Top10MD Surgeon you can trust visit and schedule your appointment today.


 1 year ago    Leave a comments (0)



 2 years ago    Leave a comments (0)

Are you or your children suffering from red eyes after being in a public pool? Suffering from stinging, nasal irritation or having difficulty breathing after being in the water or breathing the air at swimming pools, particularly indoor pools?

New research indicates that these symptoms are an indication of poor water and indoor air quality at the pool caused by a build-up of irritants, known as chloramines, in the water and air.

Irritants in the air at swimming pools are usually the combined chlorine by-products of disinfection. These by-products are the result of chlorine binding with sweat, urine, and other waste from swimmers.

As the concentration of by-products in the water increases, they move into the surrounding air as well. Breathing air loaded with irritants can cause a variety of symptoms depending on the concentration of irritants in the air and amount of time the air is breathed.

The symptoms of irritant exposure in the air can range from mild symptoms, such as coughing, to severe symptoms, such as wheezing or aggravating asthma. It is also known that routine breathing of irritants may increase sensitivity to other types of irritants such as fungi and bacteria.

The problem can easily be fixed according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) through a combination of preventive measures:

  • Improving air movement over the pool and increasing the air turnover rate will reduce irritant levels in the air.
  • Open all of the doors and windows in the pool area or to use fans to boost airflow over the pool surface when many swimmers are using the pool. When super chlorinating, do the same.
  • Ensure that the air recycling systems are bringing in enough fresh air.
  • Maintain adequate disinfectant levels and constant monitoring of water quality will help reduce irritant levels by decreasing combined chlorine formation in the water.
  • Adding secondary disinfection systems, such as ultraviolet light or ozone, may reduce combined chlorine levels in the water.
  • In addition, good hygiene is needed. Have swimmers shower before getting in the pool.
  • Promote regular bathroom use to your children prior and during swimming to reduce the amount of urine in the pool. This decreases the formation of irritants.

For the health of pool staff and patrons, remember that all indoor pools need adequate fresh air exchange and all pools need good water quality. This will help make all pools a healthier and more enjoyable place to play and work.

Next time you’re thinking it’s just the chlorine…. Think again.

Keep your children safe this summer.


Source: CDC


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